Biodynamic agriculture utilizes the synergies of diverse and complex ecosystems, as well as the symbioses between plants and animals. Instead of degrading our natural environment by exploiting its resources, it enhances the health of our ecosystems and the vital services they provide. In supporting and sustaining biodiversity, biodynamic agriculture enhances the vital services provided by healthy ecosystems in various ways, taking further advantage of the great synergies offered by nature.
A - Through the non-use of chemicals, biodynamic agriculture takes pressure off ecosystems and biodiversity, alleviating them of the chemicals’ toxic effects on plants and animals.
B - Bio-fertilization optimises the water quality and balance of ecosystems by avoiding its eutrophication through an over-supply of fertilizers, slurry and manure.
C - For enhancing the productivity of the agro-ecosystem, nature provides us with plenty of solutions that come almost free of charge and with a variety of benefits. In biodynamic agriculture, natural predators are supported as a means of pest control. An increase in biodiversity is the consequence.
D - In sustainable agriculture, everything depends on fruitful soils that are rich in nutrients and full of beneficial microorganisms, enabling high and stable yields. Compost, the major ingredient of biodynamic agriculture, increases biodiversity through its living soils.
E - Diversification is another characteristic of biodynamic agriculture that supports biodiversity. Diversified cultivations are much more resilient against draughts, heavy rainfall or pests. While these events can have disastrous effects on monocultures, biodynamic cultivations typically perform much better.
Thus, biodiversity is the best insurance against agricultural productivity risks.